Homelessness System Performance Metrics
Each quarter, the Hawaii Interagency Council on Homelessness publishes data regarding four key metrics to evaluate performance across the homelessness system. The most recent data for the first quarter of calendar year 2022 (January 2022 to March 2022) is provided below. A more detailed overview of the recent performance metric is hyperlinked at HICH Performance Metrics (January 2022 to March 2022).
Fiscal Mapping for Federal, State and Local Funders of Homeless Services
The HICH is tasked, in part, to assemble fiscal data regarding homeless services to facilitate the direction of funding to address homelessness statewide. A comprehensive fiscal map was developed by the HICH in December 2020, and updated in December 2021. The fiscal map allows you to view funding sources by program type, as well as by county geographic area. To learn more, you may also view this short video regarding the fiscal map broken down by county or view the newly released Policy Brief on government funding for homeless services.
Point in Time Count
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires each Continua of Care to conduct a Point in Time (PIT) count of sheltered and unsheltered homeless individuals to estimate the number of individuals experiencing homelessness on a specific night. In Hawai’i, Partners in Care conducts the count on Oahu, and Bridging the Gap conducts the count on the neighbor islands. The PIT count is usually conducted during the last ten days in January – in 2022, due to changing conditions during the pandemic, Bridging the Gap conducted its count in January 2022 and Partners in Care conducted its count in March 2022.
The PIT count is only for a specific night, and does not reflect the number of individuals who may experience homelessness throughout the year. The PIT count provides a general trending of homelessness in a community over time, but has limitations and should be reviewed together with other data sources to get a clear picture of homelessness in a specific area. The chart below includes statewide PIT count numbers from 2005 to 2022. Please note that no unsheltered count was conducted in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. To read more about the PIT count, click HERE.
To view unsheltered PIT Count data by County, including trends for specific regions within each county, for the period 2018 to 2022, click HERE.
Exits to Permanent Housing
A key measure of success is the number of homeless individuals placed into permanent housing placements. The number of homeless individuals exiting from homeless programs to permanent housing has increased since the State of Hawaii implemented new contract measures in 2017. Prior to the implementation of new contracts and performance measures, only about one-third of homeless individuals exited from homeless programs, such as shelter, to permanent housing. In 2018, 2019, and 2020, the number of individuals exiting to permanent housing increased to over half. However, in 2021 and 2022, exits to permanent housing declined below 50%, potentially due to shortages in housing inventory and due to adverse impacts of the pandemic. There are also significant differences between exit to housing rates on Oahu as compared to the neighbor islands.
To view a more detailed breakdown of Exits to Permanent Housing by Program Type (e.g., Outreach, Emergency Shelter, etc.) and by County geographic area, click HERE.
Exits to Permanent Housing (2005 to 2022, Source: Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap). Note: 2022 data is through April 30, 2022.
Housing Inventory Count
HUD also requires CoCs to submit a Housing Inventory Count (HIC) of the number of emergency shelter, transitional shelter, and permanent housing resources available for persons experiencing homelessness or in permanent supportive housing. Similar to the PIT count, the HIC is usually conducted during the last ten days in January – in 2022, due to the changing circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic, Bridging the Gap conducted the HIC in January and Partners in Care conducted the HIC in March. The HIC reports tally the number of beds and units available on a specific night designated by program type. The chart below includes statewide HIC numbers from 2005 to 2022. The HIC over this time period reflects a shift in composition from primarily short-term resources to a growing number of longer-term housing resources in more recent years.
To view a breakdown of the HIC specifically for different categories, click on the links below:
Housing Inventory Count (2005 to 2022), Source: Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap
McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) – Homeless Student Enrollment Data
The U.S. Department of Education requests data each school year as part of the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program. This data documents the number of children enrolled in public schools who are identified as experiencing homelessness at some point during the school year, including students who were identified as unsheltered; in shelters, transitional housing, or awaiting foster care placement; sharing the housing of others (“doubled up”) due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; or living in hotels/motels due to the lack of alternate, adequate accommodations. The chart below includes homeless student enrollment data from the Hawai’i Department of Education from school year 2005-2006 to school year 2021-2022.
Homeless Students in Hawaii Public Schools (2005 to 2022), Source: Hawaii Department of Education
Estimate of Supportive Housing Need Statewide (Updated 2022)
The estimates below are provided by the Corporation for Supportive Housing (CSH), and represent the projected estimates for supportive housing for different sub-populations, including both those experiencing homelessness and groups that are not considered homeless by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) definition. For more information, including a review of supportive housing research and data reports by population (including the methodology for projecting estimates), visit: https://www.csh.org/supportive-housing-101/data.
CSH Supportive Housing Needs Assessment – Hawaii, Source: Corporation for Supportive Housing (CSH)
Federal Continuum of Care (CoC) Funds to Address Homelessness
The primary role of the Continua of Care (CoCs) — Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap – is to administer federal CoC funds, including overseeing the annual application process for federal funds. In addition, each CoC sets priorities for the use of federal funds, including how much should be set aside for specific purposes, such as Permanent Supportive Housing, Rapid Rehousing, Supportive Services, administration of the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS), or for planning. The chart below includes the level of federal funding awarded to the CoCs for each year, as well as the allocation of the federal funds awarded.
Federal Continua of Care Funds to Address Homelessness in Hawaii (2009 to 2019), Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
HUD CoC Systems Performance (Source: HUD Exchange)
HUD provides a number of resources to visualize systems performance measures at the national and Continuum of Care (CoC) level since Federal Fiscal Year 2015. The CoC for Oahu is HI-501 and the CoC for the Neighbor Islands is HI-500. Please click on any of the links below to view this data: