Point in Time Count
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires each Continua of Care to conduct a Point in Time (PIT) count of sheltered and unsheltered homeless individuals to estimate the number of individuals experiencing homelessness on a specific night. The PIT count is usually conducted during the last ten days in January. In Hawai’i, Partners in Care conducts the count on Oahu, and Bridging the Gap conducts the count on the neighbor islands.
The PIT count is only for a specific night, and does not reflect the number of individuals who may experience homelessness throughout the year. The PIT count provides a general trending of homelessness in a community over time, but has limitations and should be reviewed together with other data sources to get a clear picture of homelessness in a specific area. The chart below includes statewide PIT count numbers from 2005 to 2019. To read more about the PIT count, click HERE.
Statewide Point in Time Count (2005 to 2020), Source: Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap
Exits to Permanent Housing
A key measure of success is the number of homeless individuals placed into permanent housing placements. The number of homeless individuals exiting from homeless programs to permanent housing has increased since the State of Hawaii implemented new contract measures in 2017. Prior to the implementation of new contracts and performance measures, only about one-third of homeless individuals exited from homeless programs, such as shelter, to permanent housing. In 2018 and 2019, the number of individuals exiting to permanent housing has increased to over half.
Exits to Permanent Housing (2005 to 2020, Source: Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap). Note: 2020 data is through 10/31/20.
Housing Inventory Count
HUD also requires CoCs to submit a Housing Inventory Count (HIC) of the number of emergency shelter, transitional shelter, and permanent housing resources available for persons experiencing homelessness or in permanent supportive housing. Similar to the PIT count, the HIC is usually conducted during the last ten days in January. The HIC reports tally the number of beds and units available on a specific night designated by program type. The chart below includes statewide HIC numbers from 2005 to 2019.
Housing Inventory Count (2005 to 2020), Source: Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap
McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) – Homeless Student Enrollment Data
The U.S. Department of Education requests data each school year as part of the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program. This data documents the number of children enrolled in public schools who are identified as experiencing homelessness at some point during the school year, including students who were identified as unsheltered; in shelters, transitional housing, or awaiting foster care placement; sharing the housing of others (“doubled up”) due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; or living in hotels/motels due to the lack of alternate, adequate accommodations. The chart below includes homeless student enrollment data from the Hawai’i Department of Education from school year 2005-2006 to school year 2018-2019.
Homeless Students in Hawaii Public Schools (2005 to 2019), Source: Hawaii Department of Education
Federal Continuum of Care (CoC) Funds to Address Homelessness
The primary role of the Continua of Care (CoCs) — Partners in Care and Bridging the Gap – is to administer federal CoC funds, including overseeing the annual application process for federal funds. In addition, each CoC sets priorities for the use of federal funds, including how much should be set aside for specific purposes, such as Permanent Supportive Housing, Rapid Rehousing, Supportive Services, administration of the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS), or for planning. The chart below includes the level of federal funding awarded to the CoCs for each year, as well as the allocation of the federal funds awarded.
Federal Continua of Care Funds to Address Homelessness in Hawaii (2009 to 2019), Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development